Human- monkey conflict is often reported due to deforestation and increasing human population with their needs. This study summarises the findings of most of the work done in this regard from the year 2000 to 2016. Largely individual monkeys and/or individual lonely mothers with young ones and secondly the troupes of monkeys cause conflicts within Kandy municipal area. Red faced monkeys prefer human food, home garden produce and insects found in and around houses. In addition to being a menace, these monkeys, carry some potentially zoonotic enteric pathogens. The methods launched to control this conflict were tested such as capturing, sterilizing and translocating or rehabilitating and use of repelling devices to change monkeys' trails. The castration, and ovario hysterectomy on a portion of the troop in reducing their numbers needs debate. A completely monkey proof garbage disposal system is also a must.